Livre de la semaine: “Cinq types de paix: une histoire des plans de pacification perpétuelle: XVIIe-XXe siècle”, par Bruno Arcidiacono

L’Institut rendra hommage le vendredi 29 novembre au professeur Bruno Arcidiacono, récemment décédé. C’est l’occasion pour nous de présenter un de ses principaux livres.

“Au cours des quatre derniers siècles, les projets de pacification permanente de l’Europe, ou du monde entier, ont constitué un véritable genre littéraire. À un premier niveau, le plus superficiel, le livre offre une vue panoramique de ces projets, depuis le “Grand Dessein” attribué (faussement) à Henri IV jusqu’à la Charte de l’ONU, en passant par les propositions de William Penn, de l’abbé de Saint-Pierre, d’Emmanuel Kant, du comte de Saint-Simon et de tant d’autres, célèbres, moins connus ou oubliés. De règle, ces auteurs sont qualifiés, non sans condescendance, d’utopistes. A un deuxième niveau, le livre est une critique de cet usage paresseux, et les traite comme membres de la famille des réformateurs radicaux. Ayant dressé, chacun à son époque, un réquisitoire sans indulgence contre l’état existant des rapports entre les nations, ils en proposent une réorganisation profonde. Ennemis de l’ordre international établi – un désordre intolérable à leurs yeux-, ils se font les architectes d’un monde nouveau, le meilleur des mondes possibles, dont ils précisent le mode de construction. Si différents soient-ils, leurs écrits se prêtent à être classifiés en un petit nombre de catégories. A un troisième niveau, le livre est un essai typologique. Il suggère une conceptualisation du “système international parfait” qui comporte cinq grands modèles et permet donc de répartir l’ensemble des auteurs passés en revue dans cinq traditions intellectuelles, dont la plus récente est longue de deux siècles et la plus ancienne de sept.”

Paris, Presses universitaires de France, 2011
Cote: 327.6 HEIA 73036
E-book en accès ouvert, sur le site OpenEditions.


Illustration (cropped): Young soldier (Frans Hals II, c. 1650), public domain

Book of the week: “The rise of Evo Morales and the MAS”, by Sven Harten

Evo Morales is one of the world’s most controversial political leaders. His story is extraordinary: poor shepherd-boy, persecuted coca grower, self-professed admirer of Ché Guevara, hero of the anti-globalization movement, and first indigenous president of modern Latin America.

The story of the social movement turned political party he is a part of — the Movimiento Al Socialismo (MAS) — is also exceptional: originally founded as a splinter of an ultra-right party, it was given as a gift for the coca growers after they had been banned several times for spurious reasons to register their own party, and went on to become an irresistible force for indigenous rights in Bolivia.

In this insightful and revealing book, Sven Harten explains the success of the MAS and its wider consequences, showing how Morales has become the symbol for a new political consciousness that has entailed de-stigmatizing indigenous identities.”

Publisher: London, Zed Books, 2011
Call number: 920(84)MOR HEIA 74764


Illustration (cropped): Constituyente 2006, by A. Davey (CC By 2.0)

Book of the Week: “The Kurds of Northern Syria: Governance, Diversity and Conflicts”

By Harriet Allsopp and Wladimir van Wilgenburg (I.B.Tauris, 2019), ISBN 9781838604455

“Based on unprecedented access to Kurdish-governed areas of Syria, including exclusive interviews with administration officials and civilian surveys, this book sheds light on the socio-political landscape of this minority group and the various political factions vying to speak for them.
The first English-language book to capture the momentous transformations that have occurred since 2011, the authors move beyond idealized images of Rojava and the Kurdish PYD (Democratic Union Party) to provide a nuanced assessment of the Kurdish autonomous experience and the prospects for self-rule in Syria. The book draws on unparalleled field research, as well as analysis of the literature on the evolution of Kurdish politics and the Syrian war. You will understand why the PYD-led project in Syria split the Kurdish political movement and how other representative structures amongst Syria’s Kurds fared. Emerging clearly are the complex range of views about pre-existing, current and future governance structures.”

Available under call number 323.1(569.1), HEIA 125534 


Illustration from book cover

Book of the week: “Poor economics: a radical rethinking of the way to fight global poverty”, by Esther Duflo and Abhijit Banerjee

The new recipients of the Nobel Prize in Economics upend the most common assumptions about how economics works in this gripping and disruptive portrait of how poor people actually live.

“Why do the poor borrow to save? Why do they miss out on free life-saving immunizations, but pay for unnecessary drugs? In Poor Economics, Abhijit V. Banerjee and Esther Duflo answer these questions based on years of field research from around the world. This book offers a radical rethinking of the economics of poverty and an intimate view of life on 99 cents a day. Poor Economics shows that creating a world without poverty begins with understanding the daily decisions facing the poor.”

Publisher: Noida: Random House India, 2011
Call Number: 337.2 HEIA 84548

Publisher: New York: PublicAffairs, 2011
Call Number: 337.2 HEIA 75424

French translation: Repenser la pauvreté
Editions du Seuil, 2012
Call Number: 337.2 HEIA 84811


Original illustration (cropped): Esther Duflo, Pop!Tech 2009, Camden, ME, by Kris Krüg, CC-By-SA 2.0